Permanent Collection Overview
While walking along the showing halls of the museum you enter the magic world of art created in contemplation and based on the core beliefs of hundred generations of Carpathian inhabitants. Symbols and amulets perfectly complemented quite complicated language of geometric ornamentations intended not to embellish but to protect against, to alert and soothe supernatural powers. Thus, we may notice them everywhere in architecture, on the household items, on the musical instruments and things of everyday use. All items of traditional Hutsuls clothing were richly decorated with ornaments of various kinds such as weave, embroidery, knitting or applique.
Stylistics of folk art language is varied and depends on artist’s gender, age, location and social status. Diversity and multicolor of outfits is balanced by wide leather belts "chereses" (belt-purse), kuburiyks, bakunovymy tobivkas (tobacco purses), wooden hatchets, bowls, goblets and postoly (rawhide shoes). Especially rich and particularly exquisite is clothes for Christmas, Vodohrestya (Jordan), Easter, Holy days and weddings. Natural endless cycle of life: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer... that continuous rhythm was represented with the help of fylfot crosses denoting perpetual motion and pysanka (decorated egg) symbolizing eternity of life; candlestick-trinity expressing harmony between fire and water, life and death, past and future…
Present time is just a communication that requires to pay tribute to the past, thinking of the future.
Sacrament is present everywhere. It permeates all existence both of those who settled along Cheremosh, and those who came down by Pistynka to Prut and those who inhabited the banks of Dnister. Thus, Hutsuls and Pokuttyans embellish table clothes, towels, zapasky (woollen skirts), fota (loose shirts) with embroidery constantly increasing the variety of garish colours and patterns.
In the mountains they carve. They decorate with carvings wooden beams supporting the ceiling and shelfs storing the bowls, church pavuks (sacred spiders), liturgical crosses, bowls and flasks, plates and povnytsyas (various containers for liquids and cereals). They make violins and cymbals, tambourines and bagpipes, impart life into trembitas, beat out picks for the axes, cast crosses and spin the eternal potter's wheel fashioning the pots from clay...
Those inhabiting Pokuttya embellish clothes, make accessories from beads, weave towels, belts and gauzy snow-white cloth while listening to the looms grating. Here they carve rarely and fire in pottery kilns is uncommon...
Nowadays the museum has 18 showing halls in an area of over 750 square meters. The museum pieces are classified according to the kinds of folk art on the basis of historical and chronological principles.
The museum represents such kinds of folk art as:
- wood art processing (carving, incrustation, woodburning)
- metal and leather
- decorative weaving
- embroidery and dress-making
Previously mentioned method of classification gives the opportunity to follow all stages of development and stylistic peculiarities of folk art since XVII till nowadays. It also allows to discover another principles of traditionality interpretation. An important role is played by the exhibitional activity of the museum in the study of such issues.
Since 2000 the museum stages the permanent exhibition of sacred art representing masterpieces of icon and folk characters painting, that are perfectly complemented by sacred goods made of wood.
In 2002 the museum exhibition included memorial room of Andriy Chaykovsky well-known as politically exposed person and writer. His political and writing heritage was forbidden in Soviet days.
Late in 2006 the section representing furniture common to the inhabitants of the Carpathian mountains was opened.