The tradition of carving on Hutsul lands is the integral part of folk art. Generosity of Carpathian charming nature, its grand-forests have always been providing Hutsuls with timber that stipulated the development of building, joinery, turning and artistic carving. Local craftsmen have followed the main criteria, that is feasibility and beauty in folk architecture, furniture, farm implements, weapons, musical instruments and things of everyday life. The collection of the National Museum of Hutsul and Pokuttya Folk Art named after Y.Kobrynskyy counters about 4 thousand exhibits of artistic wooden items.
Review the museum collections
The museum's ceramics collection represents more than 5000 works from Hutsul and Pokuttya centers of pottery from the late XVIII c. to present days. Craftsmen from Kolomyya, Kosiv, Pistyn and Kuty have preserved centuries-old traditions of this craft. They have created folk schools of ceramics with pronounced local features of painting, a variety of forms as well as their application in everyday life.
Pre-Christian paganism in Rus' - Ukraine was based on the astral cult similar to the cult of ancient civilizations. It was worship to heaven's fire and water reflected in styled graphic figures in various arts, including ceramics.
Archaeological ceramic samples reaching late-trypillya period (2100-1700 BC) are significant exhibits in the museum collection. They are two terracotta figurines: sculptural image of a woman and a sheep. Scientists suggest that the use of clay figurines of people and animals for ritual needs preceded pottery making.
Kolomyya Museum of Hutsulshchyna and Pokuttya Folk Art named after Y.Kobrynskyy owns a valuable collection of clothing, textiles and embroideries with more than six thousand works of main centers of Gutsulshchyna and Pokuttya of the end. of XIX - beg.of ХХcc...
The collection of textiles is presented by traditional fabrics designed for interior arrangement and decoration: verety (sackcloth), lizhnyky (homespun woollen blanket), pishvy (duvet covers), tablecloth, towels, carpets and carpet products. The bulk of the collection is baybaraky (item of the outer garments), mantles, gugles (outer garments made of white cloth), huni (sheep skin mantles); zapasky (woollen skirts), opynky (outer garments made of thick wollen cloth) (horbaty-skirts, foty-loose clothes), aprons, skirts; hats (female) - peremitky (female headdress), ochipky (headdress of a married woman), woven scarves, wedding chaplets; (male) - krysani, hats -rohachky, riveted; acsessories - belts, ribbons,taystry (shoulder bag), besahy (bags), dziobenky (Hutsul wollen or leather shoulder bag), jewelry - sylyanky (beads on the thread), bead gerdans (ornamental stitch made of beads), Venetian necklace, pearls, corals, necklace of coins - talers, tryasunky ("quaking grass") and others. A small part of the collection is made of household textiles such as besahy (bags or sacks), lizhnyky (homespun woollen blanket) - prysidky (seats for saddling horses).
A vivid evidence of ancient traditions preservation in Hutsul artistic metal working is a museum's collection of exhibits of the XVIII-XXcc. It counters about 700 works.
Folk masters created a variety of metal products, including household items, decorations for clothes, parts of horse armor and weapons. They produced their works at home using copper, brass ("mosyazh"), bronze, nickel silver, bakunt, aluminum and silver. Casting, cold and hot forging were traditional techniques of metal treatment. Engraving , minting and binding were used for decorations. The ornament of Hutsul pieces was geometric with stylized floral and animal motifs ("deer horns", "hare's ears", "corvine clutches", "cancers"). Decisive in ornamental compositions had always been solar symbols "ruzhi" (roses) and "sonechka" (suns). Hutsuls endowed them with magical properties. Kosiv and Verkhovyna in Ivano-Frankivsk region, Vyzhnytsya and Putyla in Chernivtsi region were the main centers of artistic metal working.